Readings for the Pesticide Debate

A NOTE ABOUT WEB SITE ADDRESSES:

Web site addresses are case sensitive and contain no spaces. For example, if an address is written as http://www.acpa.org/, and you type it in as http://www.ACPA.org/ or http://www.acpa . org/, it will not work. Take care when typing in the addresses and if it doesn't work the first time, try again!

If a source is in red, the group or agency sponsoring the web site strongly supports the Agribusiness side. If a source is in green, the group or agency sponsoring the web site strongly supports the Environmentalist side. Other sources appear to be unbiased in their ultimate goals, but may still present information helpful to one side or another.

Set #1: Environmental Estrogens

"Endocrine Disruption"
http://www.acpa.org/public/index_pages/issues.html
American Crop Protection Association web page

"Introduction to Hormone-Disrupting Chemicals"
http://easyweb.easynet.co.uk/~mwarhurst/oestrogenic.html
Dr Michael Warhurst, an Environmental Chemist, Edinburgh, UK

"Environmental 'Hormones' "
http://ace.orst.edu/cgi-bin/mfs/01/tics/env-horm.txt
A Pesticide Information Project of Cooperative Extension Offices
at Cornell University, Michigan State University, Oregon State
University, and University of California at Davis.

"Questions and Answers: Potential of Chemicals to Affect the Endocrine System"
http://www.pestlaw.com/guide/EPA-970100A.html
Wright's Pestlaw web site

"Increased Risk from Environmental Estrogens"
http://www.gene.com/ae/WN/SUA07/estro696.html
Genentech web site

Set #2: Risks of Pesticides

"Farm Workers Poisoned in Pesticide Drift Accident"
http://www.pmac.net/panup.htm
Pesticide Action Network Web site

"Pesticides: Unnecessary Risk OR Irreplaceable Tool?"
http://www.acpa.org/public/index_pages/publications.html
American Crop Protection Association web page

"Review of Morrison paper finds no correlation between herbicide use and prostate cancer"
http://www.cropro.org/morrison.html
Canadian Crop Protection Industry

"Pesticide Use at an All-Time High"
http://www.igc.apc.org/nrdc/find/topestup.html
NRDC (Natural Resources Defense Council) web site

"Pesticides"
http://www.cei.org:80/ebb/pests.html
Competitive Enterprise Institute web page

"Our Forgotten Pollinators: Protecting the Birds and Bees"
http://www.pmac.net/birdbee.htm
Pesticide Action Network web site

"Review Challenges World Wildlife Fund Papers on Pesticide Reduction and the Impact of Pesticides on Biodiversity"
http://www.cropro.org/wwfpaper.html
Canadian Crop Protection Industry

Set #3: Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

"IPM: The Quiet Evolution"
http://www.acpa.org/public/index_pages/issues.html
American Crop Protection Association web page

"Integrated Pest Management (IPM)"
http://www.ipm.iastate.edu/ipm/nipmn/
National IPM Network

New York State IPM Vegetable Home Page is at:
http://www.nysaes.cornell.edu:80/ipmnet/ny/vegetables/
Once within this page, click on:
Elements of IPM, for a working description of IPM

A selection of information on Integrated Pest Management
Pest Management at the Crossroads web site
http://www.pmac.net/topics.htm

Set #4: Organic Farming

"Pesticide Use in California: Strategies for Reducing Environmental Impacts"
gopher://gopher.igc.apc.org:70/00/orgs/panna/reports/pest_ca
Pesticide Action Network North America web site

"Questions and Answers about Organic (and not so Organic) Produce"
http://www.ccof.org/faqccof.htm
California Certified Organic Farmers web site

"Pesticide Residues in Foods: Is Food Safety Just a Matter of Organic Versus Traditional Farming?"
http://www.gks.com/library/pesticide/ef009.html
University of Kentucky Department of Entomology

"The Soil Foodweb: It's Importance in Ecosystem Health" (Skim this one only)
http://www.rain.org/~sals/ingham.html
Regional Alliance for Information Networking

"Biological Control: Approaches and Applications"
http://ipmworld.umn.edu/chapters/landis.htm
University of Minnesota web site, by D. A. Landis and D. B. Orr

Set #5: Natural and Manmade Carcinogens

Executive summary of Carcinogens and Anticarcinogens in the Human Diet: A Comparison of Naturally Occurring and Synthetic Substances, National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1996, pp. 1-17.
http://www.nap.edu/readingroom/books/diet/summary.html
NOTE: This entire book has been scanned into the National Academy Press web site. You may read more than the Executive Summary if you wish.
National Academy of Sciences Press

"Public Health Risks Associated with Pesticides and Natural Toxins in Foods"
http://ipmworld.umn.edu/chapters/pimentel.htm
University of Minnesota web page, by D. Pimentel, T. W. Culliney, and T. Bashore

"Nature's Chemicals and Synthetic Chemicals: Comparative Toxicology"
http://mendel.berkeley.edu/center/ames.PNASIII.html
Professor Bruce Ames's web site

"Dietary Pesticides (99.9% All Natural)"
http://mendel.berkeley.edu/center/ames.PNASII.html
Professor Bruce Ames's web site

Set #6: Risk Assessment

"Risk Assessment Background"
http://ace.orst.edu/cgi-bin/mfs/01/tibs/riskasse.htm
Extension Toxicology Network, A Pesticide Information Project of Cooperative Extension Offices at Cornell University, Michigan State University, Oregon State University, and University of California at Davis.

"Aggregate Exposure Assessment as Required by the Food Quality Protection Act of 1996"
http://www.pestlaw.com/guide/EPA-970200D.html
Wright's PestLaw web site

Set #7: Pesticide Regulation

"Pesticide Regulation"
http://ace.orst.edu/cgi-bin/mfs/01/tibs/pestreg.htm
Information about regulations regarding pesticides up to 1993.
NOTE: The laws changed in 1996. Be sure to read the newer articles as well!
Extension Toxicology Network web site
A Pesticide Information Project of Cooperative Extension Offices at Cornell University, Michigan State University, Oregon State University, and University of California at Davis.

"How Did Pesticide Reform Come to Pass?"
http://www.igc.apc.org/nrdc/article/agpeshow.html
NRDC (Natural Resources Defense Council) web page

Set #8: The Laws and Politics Related to Controlling Pesticide Use

"A Look at Provisions of The Food Quality Protection Act of 1996"
http://www.acpa.org/public/index_pages/issues/.html
American Crop Protection Association web site

"EPA For Your Information: Major Issues In The Food Quality Protection Act Of 1996"
http://www.pestlaw.com/guide/G960800B.htm
Wright's Pestlaw web site

A general site with other interesting links about the legal aspects of regulating pesticides:
http://www.pestlaw.com/pestlaw.htm
Wright's Pestlaw web site

"Pay to Spray: Campaign Contributions and Pesticide Legislation"
http://www.ewg.org/pub/home/reports/PayToSpray/Pay_contents.html
Environmental Working Group web site

"The Risks of Government Regulation"
http://www.cei.org:80/ebb/riskrisk.html
Competitive Enterprise Institute web page

"Doublespeak: Food Quality Protection Act"
http://gopher.essential.org/hightower/1996/ht960918.html
Hightower Radio web site

Set #9: Effects of Pesticides on Infants and Children

"Pesticide Action Network North America (PANNA's) Children and Pesticides Page"
http://www.igc.apc.org/panna/children/Child.html, and links contained therein.
Pesticide Action Network North America

Set #10: The Book Our Stolen Future

Our Stolen Future is the controversial "Silent Spring" of the Endocrine issue. A summary of the book's conclusions can be found at:
http://www.inmotionmagazine.com/browse/publish/stolen.html

Positive Comments About the Book

http://eande.lbl.gov/VirtualPresidio/vpjournal/beta2/stolenfuture.meadows.html
http://eande.lbl.gov/VirtualPresidio/upjournal/beta96/beta5aug/meadow5.html
http://eande.lbl.gov/VirtualPresidio/vpjournal/beta96/beta4/chemical.html
Donella H. Meadows

http://www.eic.org/keyissue.html
A Q&A which defends the book.

http://www.ratical.com/ratville/REHW486.html
http://www.ratical.com/ratville/REHW487.html
http://www.ratical.com/ratville/REHW490.html
Environmental Research Foundation

Negative Comments About the Book

http://eande.lbl.gov/VirtualPresidio/vpjournal/beta96/beta3/stolenfuture.ames.html
Professor Bruce Ames

http://eande.lbl.gov/VirtualPresidio/vpjournal/beta96/beta4/fumento.html
Michael Fumento

http://www.junkscience.com/news/stolen.html
Junkscience web site

http://c3.org/library/stolenqa396.html
Chlorine Chemistry Council and Chlorine Defense Fund

Glossaries for definitions of terms:

http://ace.orst.edu/cgi-bin/mfs/01/pips/glossary.p93
A glossary of terms used by environmental toxicologists

http://ace.orst.edu/cgi-bin/mfs/01/factsheets/orgloss.asc
For pesticide-relevant terms

 

Other Web Sites with Potentially Useful information:

The Extension Toxicology Network: http://ace.orst.edu/info/extoxnet/

IPM Network: http://www.entm.purdue.edu/nipmn/

"Radcliffe's IPM World Textbook", an electronic textbook with some good background information on pests, pesticides, toxicology, and IPM: http://www.ent.agri.umn.edu/academics/classes/ipm/ipmsite.htm

EPA Office of Prevention, Pesticides, and Toxic Substances: http://www.epa.gov/docs/PestToxics.html

Environmental Health Sciences Center at UC Berkeley: http://socrates.berkeley.edu/mutagen/

Pest Management at the Crossroads: http://www.pmac.net/

"An Introduction to Insecticides", University of Minnesota web site: http://www.ent.agri.umn.edu/academics/classes/ipm/chapters/ware.htm

"Pesticides and Pest Control" A collection of other useful links related to pesticides:
http://ep.llnl.gov/msds/Malathion-Module/pesticides.html

Environmental Working Group: http://www.ewg.org/

Natural Resources Defense Council: http://www.igc.apc.org/nrdc/

Pesticide Action Network North America (PANNA): http://www.panna.org/panna/

Canadian Crop Protection Industry: http://www.cropro.org/cpic.html

Chlorophiles Home Page and links therein: http://www.ping.be/~ping5859/Eng/Chlorophiles.html